Pericardial mesothelioma is an extremely rare form of cancer that develops in the lining around the heart (the pericardium). Caused by asbestos, pericardial mesothelioma has an amazingly poor diagnose, with most cases being analyzed only after an autopsy.
What is pericardial mesothelioma?
Pericardial mesothelioma is cancer that influenced the pericardium. It is mysterious how the asbestos fibers can enter the pericardium, and this type of mesothelioma is extremely hard to detect. There have been cases of pericardial mesothelioma metastasizing to the lung or abdomen.
What causes pericardial mesothelioma and who are most at risk?
The primary cause of pericardial mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos dust and fibers. Therefore those in danger are have frequently inhaled these deadly fibers such as construction workers and asbestos manufacturers. Those in direct contact with these people also have a possibility of getting pericardial mesothelioma because these people have asbestos fibers stuck to their clothes or hair. Men are two times more likely to be diagnosed with pericardial mesothelioma than women.
What are the symptoms of pericardial mesothelioma?
The symptoms of pericardial mesothelioma as the disease affects the heart, the main symptoms influence cardiovascular operation, along with chest pain, fluid fills up in the heart (pericardial effusion), heart murmurs, arrhythmia, and pulse variance.
What are the treatments available to pericardial mesothelioma?
There are many different ways to treatments for pericardial mesothelioma although none of these have a high success rate. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, dual therapy, and surgery are the medication methods provide. Chemotherapy along with using drugs to kill off cancerous cells and radiation therapy uses doses of radiation to kill cancer cells although this is very hard in the case of pericardial mesothelioma because of the surrounding vital organs such as the heart and lungs. Dual therapy is a treatment combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy. Surgery has two forms; aggressive surgery and palliative procedures. Aggressive surgery is a very difficult procedure and consists of removing large chunks of cancerous cells in trying to gain lasting control over cancer. Palliative procedures are only trying to reduce the symptoms of the patient. The standard surgical therapy for pericardial mesothelioma is the surgery of the pericardiectomy or levitation of the lining of the heart. A pericardiocentesis can also be performed to remove fluid and relieve pressure on the heart.
How much is exposure to asbestos required for being a possibility of getting pericardial mesothelioma?
It depends on how strong and resistant the person is to disease and on the concentration of asbestos in the environment. It is possible to get pericardial mesothelioma from as little as a couple of months of exposure to asbestos although on average it would take a couple of years for enough asbestos fibers to develop the cause of cancer.
What is the prediction for pericardial mesothelioma?
The prognosis for pericardial mesothelioma is even worse than other forms of cancer. The average survival period for peritoneal mesothelioma is 6 months, and just one pericardial mesothelioma patient is known to have survived longer than five years.
Is there any promising research into healing for pericardial mesothelioma?
Studies for heal of pericardial mesothelioma and entire forms of mesothelioma is being done in numerous research labs all over the USA. Many medicine companies are also striving to research new drugs for chemotherapy. Up until now, research has been mostly unsuccessful.